Glossary of Vault Terms

Access Conduit
Element for the secure containment and direction of all electrical wiring and other finishes/services.

Alarm Peripheral Devices
Include door contacts, motion detectors and seismic detectors.

Armory
Building/container specifically designed and approved for weapons storage.

Butt Joint Construction
Vault construction joints butt together as such:

Ceiling Panel
Vault panel utilized as part of the vault ceiling in construction.

Class M
Vault panels providing 15 minutes of torch and tool resistance on all 6 sides. Tested and approved by Underwriters Laboratories Inc.

Class 1
Vault panels providing 30 minutes of torch and tool resistance on all 6 sides. Tested and approved by Underwriters Laboratories Inc.

Class 2
Vault panels providing 60 minutes of torch and tool resistance on all 6 sides. Tested and approved by Underwriters Laboratories Inc.

Class 3
Vault panels providing 120 minutes of torch and tool resistance on all 6 sides. Tested and approved by Underwriters Laboratories Inc.

Class 5 Door
Vault door that can withstand 20 man hours surreptitious entry, 30 man minutes of covert entry and 10 man minutes of forced entry, as specified by the GSA, and tested accordingly. Note that there is a difference between a Class 5 Security Door and Class 5 Arms Door.

Clamp On Frame
GSA vault doors utilize a ‘clamp on’ style door frame. The door ships in its frame and is installed from the exterior of the vault, using a back frame/clamps to sandwich supporting walls.

Clear Opening
Space within a door frame to accommodate traffic - pedestrian and equipment.
This contrasts with the rough opening which is the masonry opening that accommodates that vault door/frame/jams.

Daygate
Gate to restrict unauthorized vault access during the hours that the vault door is open. This is an option/accessory commonly offered as part of a vault system.

DEA
Drug Enforcement Administration. Notably the DEA, Office of Diversion Control, provides oversight for the pharmaceutical industry.

Double Leaf Door
Two rigid door panels that work together as one functional entity to fill the door frame/clear opening.

Front Elevation
Top to bottom measurement of the front of a structure.

Grouting
Standard bank style vault doors have a grout pocket to adhere to vault walls. GSA doors utilize a clamp on frame and do not utilize grout unless required to accommodate slope of installation site.

GSA
The General Services Administration (GSA) is a government agency that helps manage and support the basic functioning of other federal agencies. Notably, the GSA provides purchasing support.

Laminate
High-density lightweight vault alternative to heavy weight concrete vault construction. Commonly utilized where floor loading is critical e.g., in upper floor installations.

Left Hand Swing
Vault door swings out from the vault to the left (hinges on the left from exterior view).

Modular
Composed of multiple modules or sections for easy construction and optimal design flexibility/ customization.

Port Vent
HVAC access or duct. Commonly designed as a supply and return through the ceiling grid of the vault, a port vent can facilitate air flow in and/or out of the vault.

Poured in Place Vault
Concrete poured on site. Requires inspection and certification on location and process must accommodate weather conditions.

ReBar
Reinforcing bar made of carbon steel used to reinforce concrete and masonry structures and hold the concrete in compression. Ridges allow for solid anchoring into the concrete.

Right Hand Swing
Vault door swings out from vault to the right (hinges on the right from exterior view).

Ship Lap Construction
Vault construction joints overlap as such:
Lightweight option only.

Single Leaf Door
A single rigid door panel that fills the doorframe/clear opening.

Site Access
Ease of access to the place where vault installation is desired, considering the limitations of equipment and material maneuver.

Structural Load
Pounds per square foot that a structure (floor/slab/steel etc) can withstand without compromising its integrity.

UL Rating
Listing mark provided by Underwriters Laboratories Inc., as qualified by Underwriters Laboratories in accordance with UL 608 standard for safety. Includes torch and tool attack testing.

Vestibule
Area between exterior door and interior vault door.

Wall Panel
Vault panel utilized as part of the vault wall in construction.

Weather-tight
Water-resistant and insulated to provided protection against harsh weather conditions.